I am interested in history since I was a kid. In this post, I want to organize some people and events based on the time.
我从小就喜欢历史。我想用这篇博客来把一些我感兴趣的人和事按时间先后排出来。

BC

66 million
– – – – – – ??
– – – – – – – – – ?? Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) extinction event 白垩纪生物大灭绝

221
– – – – – – ??
– – – – – – – – – ?? Foundation of Qin Dynasty 秦朝建立

206
– – – – – – ??
– – – – – – – – – ?? Foundation of Han Dynasty 汉朝建立

44
– – – – – – 03
– – – – – – – – – 15 Assassination of Gaius Julius Caesar 凯撒遇刺


AD

618
– – – – – – ??
– – – – – – – – – ?? Foundation of Tang Dynasty 唐朝建立

626
– – – – – – ??
– – – – – – – – – ?? Xuanwu Gate incident by Li Shimin killing Li Jiancheng, Li Yuanji and their families 李世民发动玄武门之变,杀死李建成,李元吉及他们的家人

960
– – – – – – ??
– – – – – – – – – ?? Foundation of (North) Song Dynasty (北)宋朝建立

1127
– – – – – – ??
– – – – – – – – – ?? Foundation of (South) Song Dynasty (南)宋朝建立

1368
– – – – – – 01
– – – – – – – – – 23 Foundation of Ming Dynasty 明朝建立

1644
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 25 Suicide of Chongzhen 明朝最后一位公认的统治者崇祯皇帝在煤山的树上上吊身亡
– – – – – – 10
– – – – – – – – – ?? Foundation of Qing Dynasty 顺治帝迁都北京,清朝建立全国统治

1661
– – – – – – 02
– – – – – – – – – 08 Xuanye was enthroned as the emperor with an era name “Kangxi” 爱新觉罗·玄烨登基为清朝皇帝,年号“康熙”

1775
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 19 Fighting broke out for the American Revolutionary War (American War or Independence) 美国独立战争打响

1789
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 30 George Washington was inaugurated, taking the oath of office at Federal Hall in New York City 乔治 · 华盛顿在纽约联邦大厅宣誓就职美国总统

1804
– – – – – – 05
– – – – – – – – – 18 Foundation of the First French Empire 法兰西第一帝国建立

1812
– – – – – – 06
– – – – – – – – – 18 United States President James Madison signed into law the American declaration of war against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 时任美国总统詹姆斯·麦迪逊签署法令向加拿大(当时仍在英国统治下)宣战

1840
– – – – – – 06
– – – – – – – – – ?? The first part of the expeditionary force of UK arrived in China, marking the beginning of the First Opium War 英国军舰抵达广州海面,第一次鸦片战争开始

1856
– – – – – – 10
– – – – – – – – – 08 Start of the Second Opium War 第二次鸦片战争爆发

1861
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 12 Fort Sumter was attacked and the American Civil War started 萨姆特堡的炮声标志着美国南北战争爆发

1862
– – – – – – 09
– – – – – – – – – 22 United States President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation 时任美国总统亚伯拉罕·林肯发布《解决黑人奴隶宣言》

1864
– – – – – – 07
– – – – – – – – – 19 Fall of Nanjing (capital city of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom) 太平天国的天京(今南京)失守

1865
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 15 President of U.S.A, Abraham Lincoln died 时任美国总统亚伯拉罕·林肯遇刺去世

1867
– – – – – – 07
– – – – – – – – – 01 The confederation of Canada 加拿大建立

1882
– – – – – – 05
– – – – – – – – – 06 Then-US-president Chester A. Arthur signed the Chinese Exclusion Act, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers 切斯特·阿瑟(时任美国总统)签署了排华法案以禁止所有的中国劳工移民

1912
– – – – – – 01
– – – – – – – – – 01 Sun Yat-sen toke the oath of office as the president of the Republic of China 孙中山宣誓就职中华民国总统
– – – – – – 02
– – – – – – – – – 12 Declaration of the abdication of Puyi marked the end of the Qing dynasty 皇太后隆裕代表溥仪宣布退位,标志着清皇朝的结束

1917
– – – – – – 11
– – – – – – – – – 07 The October Revolution 十月革命

1925
– – – – – – 03
– – – – – – – – – 12 Death of Sun Yat-sen 孙中山逝世

1931
– – – – – – 09
– – – – – – – – – 18 The Mukden Incident 九一八事变

1933
– – – – – – 01
– – – – – – – – – 30 The President of Germany Paul von Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as chancellor 德国总统保罗·冯·兴登堡任命希特勒为总理

1934
– – – – – – 07
– – – – – – – – – 04 Death of Marie Curie (1867-1934)) 居里夫人逝世(1867-1934)

1937
– – – – – – 12
– – – – – – – – – 13 Japanese captured Nanjing and started the Najing Massacre 日本占领南京,开始南京大屠杀

1944
– – – – – – 06
– – – – – – – – – 06 Normandy landings 诺曼底登陆

1945
– – – – – – 05
– – – – – – – – – 08 The sign of the the Germany Instrument of of Surrender 德国投降
– – – – – – 07
– – – – – – – – – 16 The first nuclear device was detonated at the Trinity test 美国进行了人类历史上第一次核装置引爆
– – – – – – 08
– – – – – – – – – 06 US used a nuclear bomb at Hiroshima, Japan 美国对日本广岛使用原子弹
– – – – – – – – – 09 US used a nuclear bomb at Nagasaki, Japan 美国对日本长崎使用原子弹
– – – – – – 09
– – – – – – – – – 02 The sign of the surrender of Imperial Japan 日本投降

1949
– – – – – – 10
– – – – – – – – – 01 Foundation of People’s Republic of China 中华人民共和国成立

1950
– – – – – – 06
– – – – – – – – – 25 The United Nations published Resolution 83, which recommend member states provide military assistance to the Republic of Korea 联合国通过第83号决议,建议会员国对南朝鲜进行军事援助以对抗苏联的入侵,朝鲜战争爆发

– – – – – – Summer Bodo League massacre, ordered by Syngman Rhee (leader of Republic of Korea at that time), resulting in a death toll estimated to be 60k – 200k. 南韩领导人李承晩发起保导联盟虐杀事件,造成6万至20万人受害

1955
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 18 Death of Albert Einstein (1879-1955) 阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦逝世(1879-1955)
– – – – – – 11
– – – – – – – – – 01 US started the Vietnam War 美国发动越南战争

1957
– – – – – – 10
– – – – – – – – – 04 the Soviet Union launched the world’s first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1 苏联发射人类第一颗人造卫星——史普尼克1号

1961
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 12 the Soviet Union launched the world’s first crewed spaceflight, Vostok 1 苏联发射人类第一颗载人飞船——东方1号

1964
– – – – – – 10
– – – – – – – – – 16 The success of the first atom bomb of China, making China the 5th country to have nuclear weapons. 中国第一颗原子弹爆炸成功,中国成为世界上第五个拥有核武器的国家

1965
– – – – – – 08
– – – – – – – – – 09 Singapore became independent as the Republic of Singapore 新加坡成为一个独立的国家

1969
– – – – – – 07
– – – – – – – – – 20 Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon 人类首次登陆月球表面

1975
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 05 Death of Jiang, Jieshi 蒋介石逝世

1976
– – – – – – 01
– – – – – – – – – 08 Death of Zhou, Enlai 周恩来逝世

– – – – – – 07
– – – – – – – – – 28 Tangshan earthquake 唐山大地震

– – – – – – 09
– – – – – – – – – 09 Death of Mao, Zedong 毛泽东逝世

1983
– – – – – – 09
– – – – – – – – – 01 Korean Airline Flight 007 (Boeing 747) was shot down by a Soviet Su-15 interceptor, killing all 269 people onboard 大韩航空007号航班(波音747)被前苏联一架苏-15截击机击落,机上269人全部遇难

1986
– – – – – – 01
– – – – – – – – – 28 The space shuttle Challenger disaster 挑战者号航天飞机升空后爆炸
– – – – – – 04
– – – – – – – – – 26 Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster 切尔诺贝利核电站灾难

1987
– – – – – – 02
– – – – – – – – – ?? Foundation of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company 台积电成立

1991
– – – – – – 12
– – – – – – – – – 25 Dissolution of the Soviet Union 苏联解体

1997
– – – – – – 07
– – – – – – – – – 01 The transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong 香港主权由英国交还给中华人民共和国

1999
– – – – – – 03
– – – – – – – – – 24 NATO started to bomb Yugoslavia 北约开始轰炸南斯拉夫

– – – – – – 12
– – – – – – – – – 20 The transfer of sovereignty of Macau 澳门主权由葡萄牙交还给中华人民共和国

2001
– – – – – – 09
– – – – – – – – – 11 Terrorist attack against the United States 美国本土遭受恐怖袭击

– – – – – – 10
– – – – – – – – – 07 US started the War in Afghanistan 美国发动阿富汗战争

2003
– – – – – – 02
– – – – – – – – – 01 The space shuttle Columbia disaster 哥伦比亚号航天飞机在返回地球途中空中解体

– – – – – – 03
– – – – – – – – – 20 US started the Iraq War 美国发动伊拉克战争

2008
– – – – – – 05
– – – – – – – – – 12 Wenchuan earthquake 汶川大地震

– – – – – – 08
– – – – – – – – – 08 Summer Olympics started in Beijing 北京夏季奥运会开幕

2011
– – – – – – 03
– – – – – – – – – 11 Damage to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant caused by earthquake and tsunami 日本福岛核电站被地震和海啸损毁

2015
– – – – – – 12
– – – – – – – – – 22 Falcon 9 Flight 20, the first ever success of a first-stage of an orbital rocket returning to earth via vertical landing for reusability. Falcon 9第20次飞行,第一次实现了轨道火箭一级推动器的成功垂直回收。

2016
– – – – – – 06
– – – – – – – – – 23 The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum 英国脱欧公投

2018
– – – – – – 02
– – – – – – – – – 06 The first test flight of Falcon Heavy rocket by SpaceX. SpaceX公司对Falcon Heavy火箭进行了第一次试射。

– – – – – – 10
– – – – – – – – – 29 Lion Air flight 610 (Boeing 737 MAX) crashed, killing all 189 people onboard. 狮子航空610次航班(波音737MAX机型)坠毁。机上189人全部遇难。

2019
– – – – – – 03
– – – – – – – – – 10 Ethiopian Airline flight 302 (Boeing 737 MAX) crashed, killing all 157 people onboard. 埃塞俄比亚航空302次航班(波音737MAX机型)坠毁。机上157人全部遇难。

2020
– – – – – – 01
– – – – – – – – – 08 Ukraine International Airline Flight 752 was shot down in Iran, killing 176 passengers and crew onboard 乌克兰国际航空公司752号航班在伊朗被导弹射落,机上176名乘客与机组人员全部遇难

– – – – – – 03
– – – – – – – – – 11 WHO declared COVID-19 as pandemic 世界卫生组织宣布COVID-19为全球瘟疫
– – – – – – 09
– – – – – – – – – 27 Start of 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war 2020年纳戈尔诺-卡拉巴赫战争开始

2021
– – – – – – 01
– – – – – – – – – 09 Crash of Sriwijaya Air Flight 182 (Boeing 737), killing all 62 people onboard 三佛齐航空182号航班坠毁(波音737机型),机上62人全部罹难